Uttar Pradesh cities top India in unemployment rate
Uttar Pradesh’s Prayagraj earned the dubious distinction of being the city with the highest unemployment rate at 8.9%. Meerut, with 8.5%, came second, while Pune is third, with a rate of 7.5 %.
The National Sample Survey Organisation (NSSO) in its report has listed the rate of unemployment in cities that have a million or more residents. Prayagraj, or the erstwhile Allahabad, tops the unemployment list with an unemployment rate of 8.9%. Meerut follows with 8.5%.
Of the top ten cities with the highest unemployment rates, a whopping five cities are from Uttar Pradesh.
Ironically, Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Yogi Adiyanath has claimed that joblessness is not a problem in the state.
He has even claimed that there is no dearth of jobs in the state, but a scarcity of skilled talent to fill existing vacancies.
Kanpur, Ghaziabad and the state’s capital Lucknow are the other three cities among the top ten cities in India that make it to the list.
The NSSO’s Periodic Labour Force Survey for the period July 2017 to June 2018 was released by the government on May 31, 2019. The survey lists 45 cities of the country with a population of over a million.
Maharashtra’s Pune is third, with an unemployment rate of 7.5 %. The other cities, in descending order, are:
- Pimpri-Chinchwad (Maharashtra)
- Kota (Rajasthan)
- Kanpur (Uttar Pradesh)
- Ghaziabad (Uttar Pradesh)
- Dhanbad (Jharkhand)
- Lucknow (Uttar Pradesh)
- Patna (Bihar)
Of the 45 cities selected in the survey, the lowest unemployment rate of 0.1 % was found to be in Wasai-Virar (Maharashtra).
Former Chief Statistician of India Pronab Sen says that the problem of joblessness faced by large Indian cities, and particularly those in the most populous state of Uttar Pradesh, can be dealt with only if the political leadership can lay stress on rigorously investigating the reasons of the problem rather than sticking to political rhetoric.
“The fact of the matter is that there is a need for proper diagnosis of the problem. Insufficient skills are a problem and a reality. To just say that there are vacancies but no one is applying for jobs is wrong,” Pronab Sen told Asiaville.
He added that for a state like Uttar Pradesh, rather than indulging in political posturing, has to think of concrete steps to deal with the situation.
One first needs to investigate the various reasons for the problem, he said, adding that estimating the demand for work is the next step. For this, Sen underlined the need to conduct elaborate surveys and not just rely on the NSSO survey, which deals with "a very small sample size". In the absence of any such step, we may be headed towards tough times, he added.
In 2018, in a reply on the floor of the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly, the state’s labour minister Swami Prasad Maurya said that there were 2.1 million youth in the state registered with the government as unemployed. He however, declined to give the actual number of unemployed youth in the state.