The mystical Rig Veda river Saraswati existed
The Saraswati river flowed from the Himalayas between 7,000 BC and 2,500 BC.
New research by Physical Research Laboratory, Ahmedabad in collaboration with IIT Mumbai suggests “unequivocal evidence” of the Saraswati river.
The existence of the sacred river has also been mentioned in the Rig Veda. The research has been published in the ‘Scientific Report’ of Nature Publishers. River Saraswati no longer exists and is said to be flowing along the modern-day Ghaggar.
The science behind the research:
Scientists determined the age of coarse-grained white sand layers found 3-10 meters below the Ghaggar’s flood plain. The Ghaggar used to be a perennial river that flowed until 20,000 years ago.
The perennial river has continuous flow all year round. The river diminished because of the extreme aridity of the last glacial period. The last glacial period ended around 15,000 years ago.
The researchers mention that the river was revived around 9,000 years ago and flowed for the next 4,500 years.
This duration coincides with the flourishing of the Pre-Harappan and early Harappan cultures along the river's banks. According to scientists, the river declined because of the rapid drying of the Sutlej-fed channels. The Sutlej-fed channels also helped in the perennial flow of the Saraswati.
Ghaggar has no direct connection to the Himalayas and originates from the Siwaliks, which are situated at the outer Himalayas. Scientists suggest that “The only likely path for the glacier-melt water for the ancient course of present-day Ghaggar (Saraswati) could have been through the distributaries of the mighty Sutlej river.'
History of Saraswati:
The Saraswati river flowed from the Himalayas between 7,000 BC and 2,500 BC. The Harappans settled around the river between 3,800 BC to 1,900 BC.
It is also said that the decline of the river also led to the collapse of the Harappan civilisation. It coincided with the beginning of the Meghalayan Stage. The Saraswati originated from the glaciated regions of the Himalayas similar to the present Ganga, Yamuna and Sutlej rivers.