The diplomatic victory in Kargil
The Kargil war was the first war between India and Pakistan in which the United States supported India.
Indian diplomacy played a key role during the Kargil war of 1999 in securing a favourable outcome for India. By the third week of May 1999, it was clear that India would have to use military force to eject Pakistan troops from Indian territory on the Line of Control (LoC). It was a challenge for India to get international support while doing so. India's victory in the Kargil War was due to the right combination of diplomacy and military strength.
Kargil was the first war to be shown on TV. This helped swing public opinion in favour of India. The Indian Red Cross Society donated blood for soldiers on a large scale.
The Government of India worked with the media to get its message across. For this, regular media briefings were organised by the Ministry of Defence with Indian Army, Air Force and Foreign Ministry spokesmen till the end of May.
During the battle of Kargil, India's biggest success was in the field of international diplomacy. After the 1998 nuclear tests, India was facing many restrictions. The UN Security Council Resolution 1172 condemned the actions of India. Multilateral and bilateral sanctions had set India back in 1999. Because of this, India decided not to cross the Line of Control (LoC) during the war. This decision was made to swing international opinion in its favour. Like the support at home, the support of the international community also emerged as a major strength.
General VP Malik has highlighted India's international diplomacy in his book India's Military Conflict and Diplomacy: -
1. To explain to the world that India was a victim of Pakistan's aggression and Pakistan violated the Shimla Agreement.
2. Tell the world that infiltrators were not militants but Pakistani soldiers.
3. To show 'responsibility and restraint' as an atomic power.
Due to this policy, by the end of June, the U.S., European Union and many other countries openly came out in support of India.
The Kargil war was the first such war between India and Pakistan in which the United States supported India. US President Bill Clinton ordered Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif to pull out Pakistani troops from Kargil. This laid the foundation of a strong relationship between India and America, which has continued to this day.
[Autotranslated from Hindi]
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