Respiratory infections including pneumonia kills 21 people every day in India
Acute Respiratory Infections prevent normal breathing and start with an infection in the nose, windpipe, or lungs.
A compilation of data from various states reveals that 21 people die in India of respiratory infections, including pneumonia. Data suggests that out of the 21, 10 people die due to respiratory diseases and 11 due to pneumonia.
Acute Respiratory Infections prevent normal breathing and start with an infection in the nose, windpipe, or lungs. It’s a communicable disease and can spread from one person to another. According to WHO around 2.6 million children die annually because of ARI.
Facts related to respiratory diseases:
- National Health Profile 2019: The number of Acute Respiratory Infections (ARI) decreased from 4.2 crores to 4.1 crores in 2018
- The number of people dying from it increased from 9 per day to 10 per day in 2018.
- Five states account for 50 per cent of the ARI.
- Around five states account for 75 per cent of the total deaths.
- Delhi is among the worst in terms of the number of deaths.
- The number of cases of pneumonia has increased from 7.6 lakhs in 2017 to 9.2 lakhs in 2018.
- The number of deaths increased to 4,213 in 2018 from 4,105 in 2017.
- ARI accounts for 69.5 per cent of all communicable diseases and causes 27 per cent of all deaths caused due to communicable diseases.
- Pneumonia comprises 1.5 per cent of all cases and 31 per cent of all deaths.
Pneumonia and its causes
Pneumonia is an infection caused by airborne droplets spread by coughing and sneezing. It causes inflammation in the air sacs of the lungs and can also get filled with fluid, which causes breathing problems.
The disease mostly affects children below 1 year and elderly people above 65. Air quality is also one of the reasons behind the infection. Doctors suggest that early detection can help in curing the disease on time. They also warn against self-medication.