Mumbai tops list of worst traffic jams in the world
According to a 2018 report, India loses about Rs 1.44 lakh crore every year because of traffic congestion in just four major Indian cities—Delhi, Mumbai, Bangalore and Kolkata.
Indian commuters have struggled for years now. Since the ‘80s, the transport demand in India has increased by almost eight times. The rapid economic development and increasing wealth among households means higher vehicle ownership. And that is choking India’s narrow roads.
Mumbai has the worst traffic flow in the world, while Delhi stands close behind at fourth position after Bogota (Colombia) and Lima (Peru), says a new report detailing the traffic situation in 403 cities in 56 countries.
It would take you about 65 per cent extra time to travel during rush-hour in India’s financial capital; whereas in Delhi, which was the other city studied by the location technology specialist TomTom, the traffic will kill 58 per cent of your extra time.
Delhi has more cars, but lesser traffic. Why?
Mumbai is the most car-congested city in the country, with 510 cars for every km of road. And just to put things in perspective: if you line up 510 Maruti Swift (India's most purchased car) one after the other, they would stretch over to about two kilometres.
Pune is the second most car-dense city with 359 cars per km as compared to 319 per km in Kolkata, 297 in Chennai, 149 in Bangalore and 108 in Delhi, data from the respective state transport departments show.
The car density figures also tells us about the road network in the city. For example, Delhi has a total of 32.46 lakh private cars compared to Mumbai's 10.2 lakh. Yet, the road density of Delhi is much lower because of its vast network of roads.
And though the traffic congestion has increased globally during the last decade, the congestion level in Mumbai decreased by one per cent since 2017. Delhi, too, reduced 4 per cent congestion level to improve two ranks in the Traffic Index 2018.
And why is this a problem?
Well, according to a 2018 report commissioned by Uber, India loses about Rs 1.44 lakh crore every year because of traffic congestion in just four major Indian cities—Delhi, Mumbai, Bangalore and Kolkata.
Incidentally, that amount is 50 per cent more than what the government allocated to the Ministry of Railways in the interim budget 2019-20.