Kulbhushan Jadhav: The story of an 'Indian spy'
Looking back on the arrest, incarceration, death sentence and the reprieve of Kulbhushan Jadhav
The International Court of Justice’s ruling on Wednesday comes as a reprieve for Kulbhushan Jadhav, accused of being and Indian spy, who was facing a death sentence in Pakistan. A quick look at how the whole thing unfolded.
13 March 2016
Pakistani Intelligence officers arrest Kulbhushan Jadhav, a retired officer of the Indian Navy at the Iranian border.
Kulbhushan, who joined the National Defense Academy in 1987, retired after serving in the engineering branch of the Indian Navy. He later moved to Iran, and started a small business.
India and Pakistan have given different accounts on where he was arrested. According to the Pakistani government, Kulbhushan was arrested when he crossed the border from Iran to the Pakistani state of Baluchistan.
India accuses Pakistan of arresting Kulbhushan while in Iran. Contrary to these two statements, the Pakistani private news agency said he was first caught by the Taliban and then handed over to Pakistani authorities.
Kulbhushan's father, who is from Maharashtra state, is a retired police officer in Mumbai.
“We have your monkey”
Kulbhushan, who served in the Indian Navy for 14 years, is said to have later joined the Indian intelligence agency RAW. Pakistan, which arrested Kulbhushan, told the media the following day that "an Indian Army spy was caught while doing intelligence work in Pakistan."
India denied he was a spy in its employ.
April 10, 2017
A Pakistan military court sentenced Kulbhushan to death. Kulbhushan, who went to Iran in 2013, frequently visited Baluchistan.
The Baluch-speaking people of the province are spread over Iran, Pakistan and Afghan, and have been actively pursuing secession since the 1970s.
In 2017, they placed the ad #FreeBalochistan on the back of London taxis. The British government ordered the advertisement to be removed.
The Pakistani military court said that Jadhav had been in direct contact with the separatist Baluchi militants and funding them.
Shortly after the verdict, the Indian embassy tried to intervene, but the Pakistani government did not allow it to provide any assistance.
It was in this context that the Government of India approached the International Court of Justice.
These are the two demands that India filed with the International Court of Justice.
1. Pakistan should allow diplomatic access and assistance as specified in the UN guidelines for Kulbhushan.
2. The death sentence imposed should be withdrawn and he should be immediately released.
The International Court of Justice heard the case and heard both sides' arguments from February 18 to 21 this year. Harish Salve appeared on behalf of India.
The court said Pakistan has violated the Vienna Convention by blocking diplomatic access to Kulbhushan. It has also been asked to revoke the death sentence awarded and to review the issue.
This verdict is a reprieve for Kulbhushan. However, what happens next is a matter of conjecture.
[Autotranslated from Tamil]