July 2019: Hottest month on record
The global land and ocean surface average temperature was 1.71 F above the 20th century average of 60.4 F.
There has been a lot of talks related to climate change. Let’s look at the facts as to how July become the hottest month in 140 years and the damage that it has done. First, a short introduction to the report.
The data has been released by the National Centres for Environment Information. The data includes temperature measured on global land and ocean surfaces.
1. The global land and ocean surface average temperature was 1.71 F above the 20th century average of 60.4 F. It was 0.05 F above the previous highest temperature recorded in 2016.
2. The global average land surface temperature was 2.21 F above the 20th century average of 57.8 F. It is the second-highest land surface temperature recorded in July 2017. July 2017 had the highest average land surface temperature recorded, 2.23 F above the average temperature.
3. The last five years were the five consecutive hottest years in history. Nine out of 10 of these hottest years have occurred after 2005. 1998 was the hottest year recorded in the last century.
4. July 2019 marks the 43rd consecutive July and 415th consecutive month that surpassed the 20th-century average global temperature.
5. The most affected areas were Alaska, central Europe, northern and south-western parts of Asia, and parts of Africa and Australia. The temperature rose 2.7F above the 1981-2010 average or higher in these areas.
6. The arctic sea ice extent has reduced to a record low of 726,000 square miles (19.8%). The sea ice loss in July 2019 occurred at 40,800 square miles per day, surpassing the average of 33,500 square miles observed during 1981–2010.
7. The shrinking of the sea ice extent has brought it to the lowest area of 38,600 square miles. The previous record was set in 2017 at 250,000 square miles.
Research has found that it has been raining plastic in the Alps. The snow from the Arctic contained around 14,400 plastic particles per litre. Read more about it here.