Why ISRO launching world’s lightest satellite made by students is a big deal
Kalamsat, one of the satellites to be sent into the orbit, is the lightest satellite in the world.
ISRO, on January 24, at 11.10pm, launched two satellites: DRDO’s Microsat R and Kalamsat, a nano satellite, which is built by Indian students, from an organisation called team Space Kidz India. The satellites were launched from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre, Sriharikota, in Andhra Pradesh.
But, how is this mission different from previous ones?
To start with,
1. Kalamsat, one of the satellites to be sent into the orbit, is the lightest satellite in the world. It is a 10cm Cube satellite weighing 1200 grams.
2. It will also become the first-ever satellite to use PS4. The fourth stage, normally the last stage of rocket, turns into debris. This time the final stage will be used as working experimental platform. It is a new way to utilize waste in space.
3. ISRO is using a new variant of PSLV-C44, called PSLV-DL to take the satellites. 'D' here stands for demonstration. The new PSLV has 2 strap-on motor configurations. PSLV-C44 is the first mission of PSLV-DL.
Now we will talk about the satellites that would be taken by the PSLV: Starting with Kalamsat, the satellite has been named after former President APJ Abdul Kalam.
1. KALAMSAT V2, 10cm Cube satellite weighing 1200 grams and Rs 12 lakh has been spent on building it.
2. It has been built by team Space Kidz India, an organisation creating "Young scientists" for the "country" and spreading awareness among children for a "borderless world."
3. It has a life span of about two months and will make space exploration easier and economical.
Now, coming to the next satellite, Microsat R:
Microsat R is an imaging satellite and will be used by Defence Research and Development Organisation of India (DRDO). According to reports, the satellite was “assembled outside and ISRO only interfaced it” with its own systems and the launch vehicle.
Many details on Microsat-R were not shared as the satellite is for military use.