Lenspeak: India and the Nobel Prize
Abhijit Banerjee is the 10th person of Indian origin, to win a Nobel Prize. In pictures, here are the laureates that came before him.
This week, Abhijit Banerjee, an American Indian economist bagged the Nobel Prize for Economics. He is one of ten people with Indian ties, to have done so.
In pictures, here's our list of Indian, India-born, and Indian-origin Nobel laureates.
1. Rabindranath Tagore:
Tagore won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1913. A a polymath, poet, musician, and artist from India, he was the first non-European to be awarded the Prize.
2. CV Raman
The Nobel Prize in Physics 1930 was awarded to Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman "for his work on the scattering of light and for the discovery of the effect named after him."
3. Har Gobind Khorana
The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1968 was awarded jointly to Robert W. Holley, Har Gobind Khorana and Marshall W. Nirenberg "for their interpretation of the genetic code and its function in protein synthesis." Khorana was born in January 1922, at Raipur, India; and later moved to the US and took American citizenship
4. Mother Teresa
Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu was born in the Ottoman empire in 1910. At the age of 12, hearing a call from God, she entered a nunnery, received an education, and was sent to Calcutta in India to be a teacher. Her new name was Teresa. In the course of her work in India, she adopted Indian citizenship. She is famously quoted as having said, 'By blood, I am Albanian. By citizenship, an Indian. By faith, I am a Catholic nun. As to my calling, I belong to the world. As to my heart, I belong entirely to the Heart of Jesus.'
In 1979, she was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize, "for work undertaken in the struggle to overcome poverty and distress, which also constitutes a threat to peace".
5. Subramanyan Chandrasekhar:
Subramanyan Chandrasekhar received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1983, "for his theoretical studies of the physical processes of importance to the structure and evolution of the stars."
He was an Indian American, born in Lahore, India in 1910. From the age of 28, he was teaching and researching at the University of Chicago, which culminated in his discovery of white dwarfs.
6. Amartya Sen:
In 1998, Amartya Sen was awarded the Nobel Prize in Economics for his contribution to welfare economics. Born in Bengal, India in 1933, Sen still retains strong ties to his Indian identity. He is now the Thomas W. Lamont University Professor, and Professor of Economics and Philosophy, at Harvard University. His research focussed on fundamental problems in welfare economics, studies of social choice, welfare measurement, and poverty.
7. VS Naipaul
In 2001, VS Naipal was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature, "for having united perceptive narrative and incorruptible scrutiny in works that compel us to see the presence of suppressed histories". He was a Trinidadian and Tobagonian British writer of Indian origin.
8. Venkatraman Ramakrishnan:
The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2009 was awarded jointly to Venkatraman Ramakrishnan, Thomas A. Steitz and Ada E. Yonath "for studies of the structure and function of the ribosome."
Born in 1952, in Chidambaram, Tamil Nadu, he was a part of a team that used a method known as x-ray crystallography, to map the structure of ribosomes, made up of hundreds of thousands of atoms, in 2000.
9. Kailash Satyarthi:
Kailash Satyarthi was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2014 jointly with Malala, "for their struggle against the suppression of children and young people and for the right of all children to education."
He was born in 1954, in Vidisha, Madhya Pradesh. After completing an electrical engineering degree, he worked as a teacher in the area. In 1980, he left teaching and founded the organization Bachpan Bachao Andolan, which has freed thousands of children from slave-like conditions.
10. Abhijit Banerjee:
Finally, we come to this year's joint awardee of the Nobel Prize in Economics, presented to him for his work on "an experimental approach to alleviating global poverty."
Born February 1961, in Mumbai, India, he is an Indian American who is an alumnus of Jawaharlal Nehru University, in Delhi.