Coronavirus outbreak to reverse human development for the first time since 1990: UNDP report
The UNDP report warns against the financial hiccups felt worldwide and says that the economic blow will adversely affect poor and developing countries. Calling it an “ünprecedented crisis”, UNDP advises adopting a concerted action plan with a focus on equality to limit the impact of the pandemic induced afflictions.
The COVID 19 pandemic comes as a setback to human development globally, a significant decline felt for the first time since 1990, said a UNDP (United Nations Development Programme) report on Tuesday.
The report warns against the financial hiccups felt worldwide and says that the economic blow will adversely affect poor and developing countries (more than the rich countries). Calling it an “ünprecedented crisis”, UNDP advises adopting a concerted action plan with a focus on equality to limit the impact of the pandemic induced afflictions.
“The world has seen many crises over the past 30 years, including the Global Financial Crisis of 2007-09. Each has hit human development hard but, overall, development gains accrued globally year-on-year”, said UNDP Administrator Achim Steiner. “COVID-19 - with its triple hit health, education, and income may change this trend,” he added.
Source : UNDP
Under the purview of human development, social inequalities, multidimensional poverty and gender gap are measured. The report says that social inequalities and negative impacts on women and girls continue to stagger growth and have reversed the graph of human development towards a decline, the worst hit in 3 decades.
COVID 19’s global death toll has exceeded 3,00,000, while the global per capita income this year is expected to fall by four per cent, the report said.
Education and health sectors are severely affected. The UNDP estimates indicate that 60% of children are not getting an education. 86% of children in primary education are now effectively “out of school” in countries with low human development. Richer countries are yet to face the adversity of the global socio-economic fallout with only 20% being hit in the education sector.
The report says that in order to combat social inequalities and to close the current gaps in education, a more equitable internet access must be provided. “This crisis shows that if we fail to bring equity into the policy toolkit, many will fall further behind,” says Pedro Conceição, Director of the Human Development Report Office at UNDP. He further emphasised on the need to provide “new necessities of the 21st century”, such as access to the internet in order to bridge the digital divide.
In 2019, India ranked 129 out of a total of 189 countries in the annual HDI (Human Development Index) report. The report also indicated that India is home to 28% of the world’s poor. Every day reports about migrants walking on foot to return home amidst the ongoing lockdown have only brought the harsh socio-economic inequalities to light.