An Average Indian Gulps Down 98 Large Pegs Every Year
People around the world are drinking more than ever.
Some drink to drown their sorrows.
Others drink when they’re happy.
And then there are legends, who drink to sharpen their brain.
According to a study published in the journal The Lancet, between 1990 and 2017, per capita adult alcohol consumption increased by nearly 0.7 litres to 6.5 litres annually. And this number is going to reach a high of 7.6 litres by 2030.
In volumes, the total alcohol consumed globally per year increased by 70 per cent—from 2.1 billion litres in 1990 to 3.56 billion litres in 2017.
A total of 45 per cent of liquor consumption is in the form of spirits, like brandy, tequila, gin, vodka, rum and whiskey; another 15 per cent is your good ol’ beer and 12 per cent is wine.
Estimates suggest that by 2030, half of all adults will drink alcohol (up from 45 per cent in 1990), and almost a quarter (23 per cent) will binge drink at least once a month, compared with just 18.5 per cent who did so in 1990.
Binge drinkers were those consuming 60 grams or more pure alcohol in one sitting once or more within 30 days.
Well, the increase in liquor consumption can be largely attributed to the the low and middle-income countries—the intake in high-income countries has remained stable.
In fact, India's annual alcohol consumption increased by 38 per cent, from 4.3 litres to 5.9 litres per capita between 2010 and 2017. This figure is expected to increase by 50 per cent in 2030.
Usually, an average large 'peg' contains 60 mL of pure alcohol. Simple maths, 5.9 litres is equivalent to 98 large pegs.
According to the International Spirits and Wine Association of India, about 40 per cent of the liquor in India is produced illegally.
In February 2019, at least 130 people died and 200 others were hospitalised after drinking toxic bootleg alcohol in Assam.
As per the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) stats, between 2006 and 2015, 11,830 people have died after consuming adulterated alcohol. This roughly translates to three people per day.
According to WHO, alcohol is linked to over 200 diseases—including cancers, heart disease and diabetes—and accounts for more than three million deaths each year. Worldwide, some 237 million men and 46 million women suffer from alcohol-related disorders.