After China ban, plastic waste heads for India
Private companies find it easier to recycle plastics from overseas rather than recycling plastic from landfills in India.
The problem of plastic waste is one facing most countries. Many countries export plastic waste abroad for recycling, to countries such as China, Vietnam, Thailand and Malaysia.
China was the largest importer of 53 percent of the world's plastic waste. But with 2018, China has completely stopped importing plastic waste. The United States, Germany, Japan and Mexico exported excess plastic waste to China.
Once China banned plastic waste, these countries began sending their waste to Malaysia, Vietnam and India. India became a major destination.
As far as India is concerned, solid plastic waste has been banned since 2015. However, in 2016, the central government allowed companies in special economic areas to do so. In January this year, a report published said 12,000 tonnes of waste was imported during 2016-17. This became 48,000 tonnes in 2017-18. This means that waste imports multiplied several times since the ban in China. The report also found that 44 percent of the plastics had not yet been recycled.
Similarly, Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Smriti Manj published a report recently. A study conducted from April 2018 to February 2019 revealed that India imported 121,000 tonnes of plastics indirectly.
Private companies in India import plastics indirectly from 24 countries. They imported 55,000 metric tonnes from Pakistan and Bangladesh alone.
The report states that these are mostly granulated plastic bottle waste. Recycling from overseas is much easier than recycling form our landfills. Hence, private companies are quietly importing waste from overseas.
[Autotranslated from Tamil]